"(Business Standard): Gender equality still not a reality-Survey involving 13 states reveals there is no end top reference for boys. • Partial results of the fourth National Family Health Survey, for the 13 states and two union territories that comprise its first phase, have been released. • It is now 10 years since the third survey and the gap between surveys has been increasing. (The gap between the first and second surveys was six years.) According to one report, the ministry of health and family welfare was not entirely in the picture when the department of statistics took the initiative to make the data available. • The official statement on the survey results released says that infant mortality rates for all the states and territories have gone down - but the national figure had also gone down between the first, second and third surveys. What is important to know is whether the rate of decline has gone up or down. It is also not very helpful to know that Madhya Pradesh is a laggard and Goa is a front-runner. This is true to a well-established pattern. What is significant is that both Madhya Pradesh and Bihar, which are laggards, have shown a significant improvement between the third and the fourth surveys - but West Bengal, which was not a laggard, has done even better in terms of the rate of improvement. • The statement also notes that the total fertility rate (the number of children a woman is likely to have in her entire reproductive life) has gone down in all states. This is in keeping with the changes between the first three surveys - and it is again not surprising that Bihar and Madhya Pradesh are laggards. • What appears significant is that 10 of the 13 states covered have either achieved or maintained the replacement rate (have enough children so as to maintain the population at the save level, neither falling nor rising). As the statement says, this is a major achievement. It is also apparent from the survey results that women are receiving better ante-natal care overall, and larger proportions are going through assisted or institutional deliveries. What is disappointing is that the sex ratio (number of women to men) has worsened in virtually all the states covered. As this is a reflection of social attitudes, indicating that there is no end to the preference for boys and adverse sex selection, the aim of achieving gender equality remains distant. OTHER PRACTICE QUESTIONS

CURRENT ISSUES 2016 FOR IAS 2016 MAINS

  clickhere

HISTORY Mock Questions

  clickhere

ECONOMICS Mock Questions

  clickhere

POLITICAL SCIENCE Mock Questions

  clickhere

QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE Mock Questions

  clickhere

REASONING Mock Questions

  clickhere

ASSUMPTIONS & INFERENCES Mock Questions

  clickhere

INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS Mock Questions

  clickhere

SOLVED ENGLISH PASSAGES

  clickhere

GEOGRAPHY & ENVIRONMENT Mock questions

  clickhere

DECISION MAKING Mock questions

  clickhere

IASMAINSSTUDYMATERIAL

ALLINDIAIASMOCKSERIES


Comment Box is loading comments...



ADVERTISEMENTS

copyrightimage