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Q.1 Consider the following statements : 1) Black Necked Crane is a native of Siberia, but migrates to Nal-sarovar of Gujarat during Winter 2) India has the largest population of snow leopards in the world. 3) Military activity is one of the main causes for declining population of snow leopards in the world. Codes: A) Only 1 and 2 B) Only 2 and 3 C) Only 1 D) Only 3 Ans. D The black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis) is a medium-sized crane in Asia that breeds on the Tibetan Plateau and winters mainly in remote parts of India and Bhutan. It is 139 cm (55 in) long with a 235 cm (7.8 ft) wingspan, and it weighs 5.5 kg (12 lbs). It is whitish-gray, with a black head, red crown patch, black upper neck and legs, and white patch to the rear of the eye. It has black primaries and secondaries. Both sexes are similar. Some populations are known to make seasonal movements. It is revered in Buddhist traditions and culturally protected across much of its range. A festival in Bhutan celebrates the bird while the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmirconsiders it as the state bird Q.2 Consider the statements about Argali Sheep : 1) Their natural habitat is alpine grasslands. 2) They are found in Kanchenjunga National Park of Sikkim. 3) They are poached mainly for horns, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine. 4) They have became extinct in China and Mongolia. Codes: A) Only 1 and 2 B) Only 1, 2 and 3 C) Only 1, 2 and 4 D) Only 3 and 4 Ans. B Also called Mountain Sheep, Body Length 180 cm Shoulder Height 120 cm Tail Length ? Weight 140 kg The Argali, or mountain sheep, is the largest wild sheep, standing as high as 120 cm and weighing as much as 140 kg. The Pamir argali first described by Marco Polo and also named after him. Marco Polo sheep may attain more then 180 cm in length. The general colouration varies between each animal, from a light yellow to a dark grey-brown. The face is lighter. Males have a whitish neck ruff, which encompasses most of the neck's surface, and a dorsal crest, both of which are more prominent in the winter coat. Argali's have a whitish rump patch, although there is much variation between subspecies in terms of size and borders. Adult males carry two enormous corkscrew-like horns, which can reach 190 cm, when measured along the spiral. Females also bear horns, although these are much smaller, rarely exceeding 30 cm in length. Q.3 Variation in duration of day & night is due to: I. Rotation of earth on its axis. II. Revolution of earth around the Sun. III. Inclination of the Earth’s axis. Codes: A) I & III B) II &III C) I & II D) All are correct Ans. B Q.4 At neap tide: I. The sun & moon exert their force at right angles. II. The tidal amplitude is high. III. The low tides are very low. Codes: A) I & III B) III only C) I & II D) All are correct Ans. C Q.5Which of the following is true with regard to the characteristics of the Himalayan rivers? 1. Many of them have their sources in the inner Himalayas. 2. They have a perennial flow. 3. They have a great capacity for erosion. 4. They do not form gorges. Codes: A) 1&3 B) 1,2,3,4 C) 1,3,4 D) 1,2,3 Ans. D Q.6 Consider following statements about Thamin deer? 1) It is an endangered species as per IUCN classification. 2) It is an endemic species of Western Ghats. 3) It is also known as Dancing deer because of its peculiar style of walking Which among the following are correct statements : A) Only 1 and 2 B) Only 2 and 3 C) Only 1 and 3 D) All three correct Ans. C Eld's deer, also known as the thamin or brow-antlered deer, is an endangered species of deer indigenous to Southeast Asia. The species was first discovered by westerners in Manipur in India in 1839. Q.7 In which one of the following regions of Indi a would one find vegetation types ranging from tropical to alpine types ? A) Eastern Ghats B) Deccan Plateau C) Himalayan range D) Maikala range Ans. C Q.8 Which of the following are the major coral reef areas of India? 1) Mannar 2) Kutch 3) Lakshadweep 4) Andaman-Nicobar Options: A) 1,3,4 B) 2,3,4 C) 1,2,3 D) 1,2,3,4 Ans. D