PASSAGE A moral act must be our own act; must spring from our own will. If we act mechanically, there is no moral content in our act. Such action would be moral, if we think it proper to act like a machine and do so. For, in doing so, we use our discrimination. We should bear in mind the distinction between acting mechanically and acting intentionally. It may be moral of a king to pardon a culprit. But the messenger carrying out the order of pardon plays only a mechanical part in the king’s moral act. But if the messenger were to carry out the king’s order considering it to be his duty, his action would be a moral one. How can a man understand morality who does not use his own intelligence and power of thought, but lets himself be swept along like a log of wood by a current ? Sometimes a man defies convention and acts on his own with a view to absolute good.

Q.1 Which of the following statements best describe/describes the thought of the writer ?
1.A moral act calls for using our discretion.
2.Man should react to a situation immediately
3.Man must do his duty.
4.Man should be able to defy convention in order to be moral.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below :
a.1 only
b.1 and 3
c.2 and 3
d.1 and 4

Q.2 Which of the following statements is the nearest definition of moral action, according to the writer ?
a.It is a mechanical action based on official orders from superiors.
b.It is an action based on our sense of discretion.
c.It is a clever action based on the clarity of purpose.
d.It is a religious action based on understanding.

Q.3 The passage contains a statement “lets himself be swept along like a log of wood by a current.” Among the  following statements, which is/are nearest in meaning to this ?
1. A person does not use his own reason.
2. He is susceptible to influence/pressure.
3. He cannot withstand difficulties/ challenges.
4. He is like a log of wood.
Correct answer?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 4

1. B
2. B
3. B