The miseries of the world cannot be cured by physical help only. Until man's nature changes, his physical needs will always arise, and miseries will always be felt, and no amount of physical help will remove them completely. The only solution of the problem is to make mankind pure. Ignorance is the mother of evil and of all the misery we see. Let men have light, let them be pure and spiritually strong and educated; then alone will misery cease in the world. We may convert every house in the country into a charitable asylum, we may fill land with hospitals, but human misery will continue until man's character changes.

1. According to the passage, which of the following statements is most likely to be true as the reason for real miseries?
a) The poor economic and social condition prevailing in society.
b) The refusal on the part of man to change his society.
c) absence of physical and material help from his society.
d) Ever increasing physical needs due to changing social structure.
2. With reference to the passage, the following assumptions have been made:
1. The author gives primary importance to physical and material help ill eradicating human misery.
2. Charitable homes, hospitals, etc. can remove human misery to a great extent.
Which of the assumptions is/are valid?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 or 2